Source civilizations for math:
Sumerian—counting and very basic accounting
Greek—geometry, logic
Arabian—algebra
Renaissance Italian (Venetian in particular)—more advanced accounting
Germanic—Calculus
Modern Germanic, American, and British—Advanced Topology, Statistics, Chaos, many other modern mathematical creations.
Western Civilization was smart enough to adopt things that worked well, instead of rejecting them as strange, foreign, or forbidden knowledge (what much of the world did).
Also note the source civilizations are either
Western or Middle Eastern (which conquered big chunks of the West at times and from which much of the West originates).

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Last edited: Nov 10, 2019